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ABSTRACT . The Punjab province plays pivotal role in the economy of Pakistan by contributing almost 60 percent to total agricultural production of the country. The Sindh province of Pakistan ranks second in agricultural production of the country. Thus, given the vitally monumental role of agriculture in Pakistan, it is imperative to gauge the threats being faced by this sector and consequently devise efficacious strategies to mitigate these challenges. Assessment of the factors impacting agricultural extension training programs in Tanzania: a descriptive study ... Factors Affecting Extension Education Programs in Developing Countries 17! (A Survey Based Study), Determinants of Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia: ARDL Approach, The Impact of Public Agricultural Expenditure on Agricultural Output in Nigeria (1981-2014), Impact of formal credit on agricultural output: Evidence from Pakistan, An effect support price towards the growth rate of Sugarcane Production: Evidence From Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan, Agricultural Sub-Sectors Performance: An Analysis of Sector-Wise Share in Agriculture GDP of Pakistan, Factors affecting agricultural production of Punjab (Pakistan), institutional credit and agricultural productivity: An evidence from Pakistan, Agricultural credit in sindh: Issues and recommendations, IMPACT OF AREA UNDER CULTIVATION, CREDIT DISBURSEMENT AND FERTILIZERS OFF–TAKE ON SUGARCANE PRODUCTION: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS, FARMERS' PERCEPTION ABOUT ONE WINDOW OPERATION OF AGRICUL TURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK OF PAKIST AN, Government Expenditure, Agricultural Product Prices and Agricultural Growth: A Case of Pakistan, Financial literacy and services impact on rural household welfare, Re-imaging the Higher Education System Cloud-Based Learning in Pakistan-COVOD19, Sustaining Agricultural Production in Pakistan: Obstacles and Prospects, REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES IN AZAD KASHMIR, PAKISTAN. The most important economic factors affecting agriculture are: (a) market (b) transport facilities (c) labour (d) capital (e) Government policies. Presently, the province is facing serious crises such as; speedy land degradation, declining water resources, inadequate supply of seed, fertilizers, pesticides, slow process of mechanization, poor infrastructure, ill-conceived agriculture marketing, taxation policies, environmental, cultural hurdles and constraints in institutional credit system. This means 1% increase in credit will increase the agricultural output by 0.86%. Production questionnaires were designed to growers’ present agricultural practices, determine h�b```�\��|���ea�8��и���,���000Z��s��.0v4pt0t4�t4 �pe@����r;�~�H �)�J��� �C3u)�,���W�� ,����FH�30(��]!��p�.�f�x� �3$' Professional Master Program Agricultural Production Chain Management (APCM) and Co-coordinator of APCM Specialization Livestock Chains, Netherlands. h��W_o�6�*zl1�eɲ�C��]w�[���H��q��ۏ�%Yv�t�� { L�(��Y�c�8�ㄅ). outlet. Download full-text PDF Read ... To complement analysis the study also gathered secondary data from the ministry of agriculture on maize production and marketing. 66.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. -learning-857494363599?source=friends_link&sk=03d2f8fe47e13bf66be0eba0d782c2e4. This study focused on the agricultural sub-sectors performance: an analysis of sector-wise share in agriculture GDP in Pakistan by using secondary data from 1998 to 2015. The farmer’s scale, years of experience, availability of inputs, crop grown, production area and access to finances were all identified as the significant factors affecting contract farming viability. Modern geographies of production are a complex result of interactions of biophysical factors, the history of agricultural production, the ingenuity of modern technological innovation, and the economic bottom line. Three questionnaires were developed and tested in Dhaka, Jessore, Faridpur, andBarisal. The method of (OLS) was used to estimate the impact of formal credit on agricultural output. Investigating the interdependency of agricultural production volatility spillovers between banglades... How does Population Density affect Agricultural Productivity? 4.2 Other factors affecting crop production 4.2.1 Institutional Factors Vis-à-vis Crop Production Beyond the shadow of doubt, institutional factors are crucial to get access for agricultural inputs and thereby increasing agricultural production. But the high markup rate and other harsh terms and conditions of noninstitutional sources strengthen vicious circle of poverty; creates problem of bonded labour, weakens growers' socio economic freedoms reduce investment powers and force their generations to be born in debt, live in debt and die in debt. Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies. These countries were selected because of their agricultural economic importance to the South Asian region. Note how each influences farms near to you. Parity had a significant (P<0.01) effect on post-partum oestrus interval and calving interval, while a non-significant effect of parity was observed on service period during the study. Agricultural crops like vegetables etc. This study gives an understanding of public sector institutional arrangements for credit disbursement and determines its role in relation to non-institutional credit. This study uses per capita agricultural production data for the period 1961–2012, obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The main objective of the present analysis was to explore the impact of institutional credit on agricultural productivity in Pakistan. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Calcutta, 45(, Agricultural Finance in Turkey.NewMedit, (3. Light – Light is critical in plant photosynthesis (the process of manufacturing food in plants as sugars) and chlorophyll (the green pigment in plants) production.Light also influences phototropism, mineral absorption, stomatal movement, translocation, photomorphogenesis, and abscission. documentary studies were conducted, and 15 factors affecting farmers’ satisfaction were identified. statistical database, to construct and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (MGARCH) model. The video below explains the factors affecting farming in more detail. The estimated Cobb-Douglas agricultural production model for Punjab established that the cropped area, agricultural labour, distribution of seed, budgetary expenditure on agricultural research and extension, land reclamation, and wheat price support contributed positively towards agricultural production whereas the contribution of fertilizer and expenditure on food trading services was found negative. This increased agricultural production is desperately needed to provided increased income to the rural sector and increase food supplies for the country. endstream endobj startxref Next, they were prioritized byfield studies using a questionnaire. investigates the factors affecting banana agricultural value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users (Fonsah et al., 2007a). The study covered the determining factors that affect maize production in Turbo Constituency, Kenya. given resources, agricultural sector has fallen into a state of disarray, undermining the gains which were previously made. Details of independent variables are, Ln (CRPAREA) = Natural logarithm of crop, Nitrogen(N) of Fertilizer in (metric tons o, The results of regression analysis are rep, . Although farming is one of the world's oldest professions, modern farming is affected by uniquely modern economic factors. The study explores the ideas that public sector credit institutions are mostly mismanaged and have lowest capacity to deliver according to the need of growers / rural households. 650 0 obj <> endobj In the current study, we have analyzed the impact of formal credit on agricultural output : Evidence from Pakistan. production. The importance of each factor varies from farm to farm. Choice Decision . However, there are many limiting factors on the acceptance of agricultural technology in Iran. interval, service period, and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 208.35+24.03 days and 473.72+3.56 days respectively. Based upon this analysis, it might be suggested that disbursement of institutional credit should be promoted. Contrarily, the Johansen Co-integration test (Trace Statistic) was used to find out whether there exists a long run relationship between formal credit and agricultural output. are grown near the market. Post-partum oestrus interval was found to be significantly (P<0.01) influenced by season and year of calving, while a non-significant effect of both season and year of calving was observed on service period and calving interval. The new scheme was found to be effective in terms of timely delivery of loan from the branch and provision of loan application form free of cost to the loanees. This study presents insights from the personal observation of the authors; a filed survey conducted during PhD thesis work and other reliable data set of publications and studies. Hence, the government and other concerned authorities should work to enhance farmers’ use of improved technologies, such as fertiliser, by ensuring its timely availability at an affordable price, encouraging farmers to participate on alternative sources of income such as off-farm activities and bringing additional area under cereal production to improve agricultural productivity. Such practices can help boost the incomes and employment prospects for farmers and considerably raise domestic production which will augur economic development and food security in the country. Labour All rights reserved. Agriculture is itself a technological It is evident that there are various → environmental factors are affecting agricultural production ← in Nigeria. These crises lead to instability in agric-growth, affect rural development process and hamper socio economic development of the region. However, since the 1960s and 1970s, due to the prevalence of unsustainable farming practices and the inefficient use of the, A total of 376 Performance records of 109 Nili-Ravi buffaloes maintained at Livestock Development Research Centre, Raroo, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, during 1989-2003 were utilized for the evaluation of some non-genetic factors affecting age at first calving, post partum oestrus interval, service period and calving interval. The results suggest that the Government of Pakistan should make some intervention in the agricultural sub-sectors by introducing innovative agriculture technologies that could improve the sub-sectors share in the overall agriculture GDP. 2 1,2. Social and economic factors These are human factors and include labour, capital, technology, markets and government (political). • High yielding ability • Early maturity • Resistance to lodging This paper describes the link between the agriculture product prices, government expenditure and performance of agricultural sector in Pakistan’s economy by using the bound testing approach. In agriculture, forestry sub-sector share was considered very poor compared with other sub-sectors could be due to less attention paid from the government. 679 0 obj <>stream E.g. (A Survey-Based Study), What universities need to do to engage the students and, of course, to build teachers’ capacity? Unravel-ing the cause of a sudden drop in egg production requires Economic Factors Affecting Farming Analysis of the data shows that a great majority of the respondents complained about over charging of Pass Book fee and illegal demands by 'Patwaris'. For this purpose the data were collected from the loanees of Faisalabad branch. The techniques are meant to increase farm production and output for higher returns. This chapter therefore discusses how to best raise agrarian output while safeguarding the surrounding environment. ‎Accepted ‎23 April, ‎2015 This study was conducted to determine factors influencing participation of … However, forestry sub-sector had expected sign but the variable was not significant. 2.Demand for produce in the locality, neighborhood, export etc. (a) Market. The main goal of this paper is to evaluate institutional credit system in Sindh, sort out major obstacles through an over view and to provide policy recommendations for improvement in service delivery of these credit institutions in the best interest of growers. %%EOF %PDF-1.5 %���� It is clear that impact of formal credit on agricultural output has positive and significant. Agricultural production is influenced by external factors which include. 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Rural development and agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia Pakistan should support small farmers agricultural technology in.... Interdependency of agricultural sector has fallen into a state of disarray, undermining gains... And economic factors these are human factors and include labour, capital, technology, markets and government expenditure are... ( 3 to these factors to boost agricultural production could be attributed a. Worldwide based on various factors Faridpur, andBarisal was estimated by employing Johansen co-integration for... Potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings of each factor varies from farm to farm be that.

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